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Biden's LNG Export Pause Stirs Global Energy Security

Biden's LNG Export Pause Stirs Global Energy Security

Apr 10, 2024

Biden's LNG Export Pause Stirs Global Energy Security

The Biden administration’s recent decision to freeze new licenses for exporting liquefied natural gas (LNG) has sparked concerns about its repercussions on global energy security. This move has cast a shadow of doubt over the energy transition plans of developing Asian countries, which rely on affordable natural gas as a substitute for coal.

In January, the U.S. announced a pause on LNG export approvals to review the impact on domestic energy security, consumer costs, and the environment. The U.S. is the world's top LNG exporter, and this decision has significant implications for the global energy landscape, particularly affecting nations that depend on U.S. natural gas.

Developing countries in Asia have prioritized economic growth and poverty alleviation over climate policies, making affordability and accessibility of energy paramount. Natural gas, seen as a lower-emission fossil fuel, has been a preferred alternative to coal, but its continued role is now in question due to the U.S. policy shift.

Nikkei Asia highlighted the necessity of displacing coal with gas imports to in emerging Asia. The report emphasized that U.S. LNG offers a cleaner option that could work in tandem with renewables to meet growing energy demands.

Nikkei Asia

The LNG export pause has led to policy confusion and instability for countries planning their energy futures. A study by Rystad Energy for the Asia Natural Gas and Energy Association stated that U.S. LNG export capacity must increase by 52% to meet Asia’s 'decarbonization needs' by 2040.

The Biden administration's LNG export approval pause has stirred a complex debate involving global energy security.

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