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The Technical State of Bitcoin In 2024

The Technical State of Bitcoin In 2024

Jan 17, 2024

The Technical State of Bitcoin In 2024

Bitcoin has evolved from a nascent technology into a robust financial asset that many investors and enthusiasts believe could redefine the concept of money. As part of its maturation process, the Bitcoin network and its surrounding ecosystem have been subjected to various technical discussions, debates, and enhancements. This article aims to provide an in-depth analysis of the technical state of Bitcoin, focusing on key conversations and developments within the space based off a recent discussion between Preston Pysh and NVK, founder of Coinkite.

Store of Value and Investment Platforms

Investment in Bitcoin has become increasingly accessible and secure, thanks to platforms like River, which offer investors a way to confidently purchase and store Bitcoin without fees. The primary allure of Bitcoin for many is its function as a store of value, a quality that overshadows its myriad other features and potential uses. This characteristic is paramount, as it underpins Bitcoin's appeal as a digital asset that can preserve wealth over time in the face of inflation and currency devaluation.

Technical Jargon and Prioritization

The Bitcoin community often grapples with technical jargon and terminology, which can be overwhelming for both new entrants and seasoned participants. The challenge lies in discerning which emerging concepts and terms warrant attention and understanding. It is crucial for individuals to prioritize their learning and risk assessment to focus on developments that significantly affect the Bitcoin network's stability and performance.

Mempool and Fee Environment

The mempool, which comprises all transactions waiting to be confirmed and included in a block, has experienced substantial congestion. Since around September or October, there have been instances where over 500 blocks worth of transactions were queued in the mempool, resulting in elevated transaction fees. This backlog serves as a backdrop for analyzing Bitcoin's scalability and the network's response to high demand.

Technical Conversations and Bitcoin's Stability

Despite the dramatic portrayal of Bitcoin in media and social platforms, the network itself remains stable and functions as designed. Demand for block space, evidenced by the full mempool, signifies Bitcoin's success rather than a crisis. Historically, demand surges have led to fee spikes, but Bitcoin has consistently navigated these periods without compromising its core operations.

Ossification and Software Updates

The Bitcoin network exhibits a tendency towards ossification, a reluctance to implement changes that could disrupt the established consensus. While software updates are an ongoing necessity, the community approaches such changes cautiously, differentiating between consensus-based updates (which require forks) and standard updates (which do not impact consensus). This conservative approach ensures network stability and minimizes risk.

Mempool Size and Transaction Management

The size of the mempool and the type of transactions accepted by nodes are subject to network policies and user preferences. For instance, Bitcoin Core now supports encrypted traffic, enhancing privacy and security. However, users can still operate older client versions with minor adjustments, underscoring the network's backward compatibility and user autonomy in managing their transactions.

Fee Dynamics and Economic Density

Bitcoin transactions are economically dense, meaning that a small amount of data can represent a significant value transfer. This contrasts with other uses of block space, such as token issuance, which may occupy more data for less economic value. Over time, Bitcoin's efficient use of block space is expected to prevail in the competition for finite block space due to the network's economic principles and market cap premium.

Bitcoin Mining Economics
In a recent episode of the Bitcoin Standard podcast, host Saifedean Ammous welcomed Pierre Rochard, a prominent bitcoin researcher and writer, to discuss the intricacies of bitcoin mining and its economic implications.

Lightning Network and Scaling

The Lightning Network, a Layer 2 solution for Bitcoin, is designed to facilitate faster and lower-cost transactions. While it is operational and used for various applications, it faces challenges related to channel management and high fee environments. Despite its complexity, the Lightning Network represents a significant advancement in Bitcoin's scalability, and ongoing efforts aim to improve its accessibility and efficiency.


Bitcoin continues to operate reliably, with a focus on maintaining its core value proposition as a store of value. Technical discussions and developments are ongoing, but the network's stability is not in question. Innovations like the Lightning Network are expanding Bitcoin's capabilities, and the community's prudent approach to change ensures that any advancements are carefully vetted and implemented. As Bitcoin matures, it is likely to encounter and overcome technical challenges, solidifying its position in the financial landscape.


Current Block Height

Current Mempool Size

Current Difficulty