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Unpacking Bitcoin Hardware Wallet Security with Dmitry Nedospasov

Apr 22, 2024

Unpacking Bitcoin Hardware Wallet Security with Dmitry Nedospasov

Unpacking Bitcoin Hardware Wallet Security with Dmitry Nedospasov

Key Takeaways

In the world of Bitcoin hardware wallets, security remains a pivotal concern for users storing substantial amounts of Bitcoin. Dmitry Nedospasov, a PhD in chip security and a seasoned expert in hardware wallet security, delves into the complex world of wallet security, realistic attack costs, and the importance of robust backup solutions.

This episode of the Stephan Livera Podcast uncovers the layers of security involved in hardware wallets, highlighting that while the primary function is to safeguard against malware-infected computers, this may not be sufficient as the sole line of defense. Dmitry emphasizes that the cost and feasibility of attacks are contingent on the hardware in question, with simple wallets like the original Trezor being vulnerable to inexpensive attacks, while others with secure elements might require a more substantial investment to compromise.

Moreover, Dmitry introduces an innovative backup project using Shamir's secret sharing and NFC technology, which presents an alternative to traditional paper backups and could potentially reshape user behavior in securing their Bitcoin.

Best Quotes

  1. "There's probably less than 100 people in the world that look at chip security at the level that I do."
  2. "Who's going to be storing more than a couple thousand dollars on these hardware wallets? ... You don't understand. It's going up in price over time."
  3. "For all intents and purposes, the promise of the hardware components that the Trezor was going to use, I thought were going to be a little bit inadequate for storing millions of dollars of crypto."
  4. "By physically separating the key material or requiring you to sign with multiple keys, multisig solves the issue."
  5. "People need to understand that at the end of the day, especially in these consumer product spaces, there's a lot of security through obscurity."


The podcast episode with Dmitry Nedospasov offers an in-depth look into the intricacies of Bitcoin hardware wallet security. Dmitry's expertise sheds light on the nuanced nature of hardware wallet attacks, the varying costs associated with different attack methods, and the importance of considering multiple security measures such as multisig and secure backup solutions.

As Bitcoin's value continues to rise, so does the necessity for advanced and thoughtful security strategies. The potential implications for future discussions include a deeper dive into multisig practices, the role of open-source in security, and the advent of backup solutions utilizing modern technology such as Shamir's secret sharing and NFC.


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